Management plans are meant to present selective conservation and support measures for specific animal and plant species, when they are not covered sufficiently by means of habitat and territory protection measures (Schmid et al., 2010).
It has been observed repeatedly that the tetraonid species occurring in the national park area are subject to high anthropogenic stressors and that the populations might not be protected to a sufficient degree by measures of process protection alone. The National Park Gesäuse is also a decreed Natura 2000 area and actively assumes responsibility for species listed in the Birds Directive. After evaluating previous plans and measures as well as exploring the further scope of action, this new concept will discuss and provide the necessary management and monitoring activities for grouse species.
Species of the National Park Gesäuse
- Black grouse
- Hazel grouse
The grouse management plan identifies the various discussion points concerning the key action areas of „habitat structuring“, „visitor guidance“, „wildlife management and control“, „infrastructure“ and „communication“, as well as sets the objectives for the natural habitats of capercaillie, black grouse, hazel grouse and ptarmigan in the national park area. Management guidelines executed so far are discussed and developments of the species since foundation of the national park are presented. When devising the measures, all national park departments were involved and expert opinions have been sought. If the discussions brought about relevant points, measures were being formulated and responsibilities within the National Park Gesäuse were being determined. This provides a basis for the protection of tetraonid species in the next 15 years.